by Seth Berger
Recently, an announcement was made during the Paris Agreement declaring the renovation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). This decision was made in order to minimize the impact of climate change and to decrease greenhouse gas emissions at a domestic level. In addition, many countries have been urged to edit and update their plans every 5 years going forward, as a means of realistically reaching the goals that they have established.
With this, the concept of nature based solutions has received more and more recognition as of late. While often dismissed due to the varying amount of resilience it provides, policymakers are increasingly being brought aware of its possible effectiveness. For example, nature based solutions could be implemented in the wetlands, which is beneficial for both the people and the environment. The wetlands are commonly called a “triple win”, due to the fact that by saving mangroves and marshes, there are the additional benefits of resistance to storms / rising sea levels as well as its capabilities in storing carbon in the soil.
Another key factor in this decision was the effect of greenhouse gas emissions on the ocean. It has been long known that the ocean plays a large role in shielding people from the adverse effect of climate change. However, it is not nearly as well understood the carbon benefits of marine ecosystems. Conducting research to further understanding the potential for marine habitats to mitigate and reduce emissions has been cited as one of the primary goals during the Paris Agreement.
The discussions held on marine protections are critical in moving forward research to better understand how people can support this planet, beginning with ensuring the safety and protection of the coastal wetlands.